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Types of Garage Door Springs You Should Know

Views:338 Author:Site Editor Publish Time:2022-09-15 15:12:46 Orgin:Site

Garages are one of the most important structures in any home. If you own a car or a lawn mower you can’t keep in the main house, you will agree with me that these structures are critical. They help keep our vehicles and other things safe and away from the house. 

A common problem with garages is doors that won’t open or close. Depending on how often you open your door, your springs can wear out after some time. But how do you find the best spring to replace them?

Read on for a detailed insight into the different types of door springs and their function.


Types of Garage Door Springs


There are two types of garage door springs. You can either choose to go with extension springs or torsion springs. 

Extension Springs


Extension springs are made of light materials and are generally small and easy to pull. They are placed on the garage door tracks, between the ceiling, and perpendicular to the door. Technically, their main function is to store energy when the door closes and release it when it opens.   

They can further be divided into:

· Open looped- They are smaller and do not need to be disassembled

· Double looped- As the name suggests, the springs have two coils at the ends and are much tougher than the open looped

· The clip ends- They have a longer lifespan and are the toughest extension springs

The best method to help you purchase the ideal type of spring that needs replacement is to understand the function of the above springs. 

Torsion Springs


Unlike extension springs, torsion springs are much heavier and stiffer. They are almost the opposite of extension springs. They are tightly coiled to store and release energy generated when the door closes and opens. The springs coil when the door closes and uncoil to release energy when the door opens.

There are four types of torsion springs. You can either choose to go with torque master or the standard types. 

· Torque Master - The torque master is considered the safest because the springs remain in place. They are placed inside a torsion shaft and are supported by a winding cone.

· Standard torsion spring - The standard option is mostly used in residential doors and is cheaper than the torque master. They are located above the garage door, and one or two springs should be enough to provide enough support.

· Steel rolling torsion spring - These springs are commonly used in commercial buildings and are set within the torsion barrel providing support to a sliding or rolling door. 

· Early set torsion springs- These springs are placed at the center of a torsion shaft. However, different hardware is needed to support the shaft and cable drums.

Unlike extension springs, the force applied to each torsion spring is equally distributed to the garage shaft and drums. For this reason, the cables holding the doors will spin at the same rate you open the door.  

Extension vs. Torsion Door Springs: Which is Better?


Both doors are great. All you need to do to understand the type of door you want for your garage. Extension spring doors are the less expensive option and are mostly used in residential properties. However, they are not long-lasting as compared to torsion springs. 

Torsion springs are also safer and have fewer parts than extension springs. They also have a smooth opening and closing operation but will require a bigger force to open or close the doors. Because of their long-lasting materials and seamless functionality, your initial investment will be higher than installing extension spring doors.  

How Do I Know the Spring I Need For My Garage Door? 


It would be best to consider a few factors when shopping for your ideal garage door spring. Start by checking the weight and size of your doors to help you purchase the best spring. You can get an accurate size by measuring the size of the old spring you want to replace. The weight should be easy to approximate with your eyes.

You can also measure the weight and height of your garage door using a bathroom scale and some clamps. Support the door with clamps and carefully remove the springs. Place the edge of the door on the scale to weigh. The weight on the scale should help you purchase the right spring. 

Final Thoughts


Knowing the right spring to replace your broken or worn-out garage door springs is critical. There are two types of garage door springs. You can either choose to go with torsion or extension springs. However, you need to measure the overall length, wire size, wind direction, and inside diameter to help you purchase the ideal garage door spring. 

Contact us for a free consultation or hire a professional to replace your compression or torsion garage door springs.